Conditions

We treat every type of cancer with many of the latest evidence-based treatments from around the world that have been shown to benefit patients

Cancers we treat

We work with nationally recognised consultants to design and deliver many cutting-edge treatments that are proven to be safe and effective for cancers in adults.  

There are over 200 different types of cancer, and each are treated in different ways. We personalise your care to you and your condition so it’s often a combination of therapies delivered in a seamless pathway from diagnosis to survivorship. 

The main approaches to cancer care are:

  • Early detection and diagnosis is critical so cancers can be identified before they have spread elsewhere in the body and be treated more easily
  • Surgery to remove tumours (at our partner hospitals)
  • Radiotherapy to target and destroy cancer cells and some difficult-to-reach tumours
  • Systemic therapies – these include chemotherapy, hormone therapies and immunotherapies

You can read more about the types of cancer that we treat at GenesisCare here.

Blood Cancer

Blood cancers affect blood, bone marrow and lymph nodes. Cancerous cells prevent your blood from carrying out its normal functions. These include fighting off infections or preventing serious bleeding.

Types of blood cancer

Bone cancer

Bone cancer is a rare type of cancer that can affect any bone in the body. It’s unusual for bone cancer to begin in your bones. It’s much more likely to have spread to your bones (metastasised) from cancer in another part in your body.

Brain and spine cancer

Brain tumours 

Brain tumours are lumps of abnormal cells that have formed in the brain. If a tumour starts in the brain, it’s a primary tumour.

Spinal cord tumours 

Most spinal cord tumours start in the neck and can cause symptoms in the arms and legs, as well as affecting bowel and bladder function

Breast cancer

Breast cancer is one of the most common types of cancer. Breast cancer happens when these cells begin to grow abnormally and multiply quickly, forming a tumour.

Central nervous system (CNS) tumours

Brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours are the 9th most common cancer in the UK.

The brain-main parts are:

  • The cerebrum (two halves with four lobes on each side- frontal, temporal, parietal and occipital)
  • The cerebellum
  • The brain stem
  • The pituitary gland

Gastrointestinal cancer

Gastrointestinal (GI) cancer is the name for cancers affecting the digestive system (or GI tract).

There are a range of types of gastrointestinal cancers including:

Genitourinary cancer

There are many different type of genitourinary cancers which effect both men and women.

Types of genitourinary cancers

Gynaecological cancer

Gynaecological cancers affect a woman’s reproductive system. They can happen to women of all ages but are most common if you’re over 50.

Types of gynaecological cancer

Head & neck cancer

Head and neck cancers include cancers in the mouth and throat, the sinuses (spaces in the bones of the face), salivary glands, nose and middle ear.

Types of head and neck cancer

Lung cancer

Lung cancer is a cancerous tumour in the tissue of one or both of the lungs. The lungs are the main organs for breathing and are part of the respiratory system that includes the nose, mouth, windpipe and airways (large airways, bronchi; smaller airways, bronchioles) to each lung. Lung cancer is a cancerous tumour in the tissue of one or both of the lungs.

Prostate cancer

We specialise in the latest techniques for diagnosing and treating prostate cancer that are proven to be effective. Our teams of expert uro-oncologists continually evaluate the latest prostate cancer treatments so we can offer the most up-to-date options to every patient without delay.

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men, but early diagnosis and treatment can mean a positive outcome for many.

Destroying cancer cells

Only men have a prostate gland. Prostate cancer happens when cells start to grow abnormally and multiply very fast. It can grow slowly to begin with no symptoms so it can be difficult to detect.

If prostate cancer is found before it has spread it’s easier to treat. You may be offered a combination of therapies including surgery, radiation therapy (utilising SpaceOAR® Hydrogel) and hormone therapy.

The prostate gland is located underneath the bladder, around the urethra, and is about the shape and size of a walnut. It makes prostate fluid, one of the components of semen, and a protein called prostate specific antigen (PSA).

  • Prostate cancer happens when abnormal cells in the prostate multiply, causing a tumour
  • These cancerous cells can grow throughout the prostate and through the capsule surrounding the prostate
  • They can spread to other areas including bone and lymph nodes. This is known as secondary prostate cancer

  • Prostate cancer is usually slow growing
  • Most men without symptoms (low grade prostate cancer) can live for many years without it spreading and becoming life-threatening
  • As men live longer, prostate cancer is causing more problems
  • Treatment is often recommended to kill off cancerous cells before they spread
  • Early detection and careful monitoring and/or treatment are important

The exact cause of prostate cancer isn’t known. However, some factors are known to increase the risk. Prostate cancer is rare before the age of 40, and the risk increases after age 50.

Risk factors also include:

  • Diet and lifestyle
  • A strong family history of prostate cancer
  • Specific genetic conditions, which are also associated with breast cancer and ovarian cancer in women (BRCA mutations)

Skin cancer

Skin cancer happens when skin cells change into abnormal cells and grow at an uncontrolled rate. There are two main types of skin cancer: melanoma and non-malignant melanoma skin cancer and the number of cases for both is increasing worldwide.

Types of skin cancer

Frequently asked questions

Cancer is when cells in particular part of your body grow and multiply in an uncontrolled way. These cells can sometimes spread into other tissues of the body – this is known as metastasis.

When you’re diagnosed with cancer, your doctor will stage it to assess how large it is and how far it has grown. There are many different staging systems, however a common method is the number system:

  • Stage 0 – the cancer is contained where it started and hasn’t spread
  • Stage 1 – the cancer is small and hasn’t spread
  • Stage 2 – the cancer has grown but it hasn’t spread
  • Stage 3 – the cancer is large and may have spread to the surrounding lymph nodes or nearby tissues
  • Stage 4 – the cancer has spread to at least one other organ – this is known as metastatic cancer

The grade indicates how fast the cancer is growing. This is judged by what is looks like under a microscope and how different it looks from a normal cell. The most common grading system is:

  • Grade 1 – the cancer cells look like normal cells and aren’t growing quickly
  • Grade 2 – the cancer cells don’t look like normal cells and are growing faster than normal cells
  • Grade 3 – the cancer cells look abnormal and grow quickly, potentially spreading to other tissues more easily

We personalise care for you and your condition so it’s often a combination of therapies.

The main approaches to cancer care are:

  • Early detection and diagnosis is critical so cancers can be identified before they have spread elsewhere in the body and more easily treated
  • Surgery to remove tumours (at our partner hospitals)
  • Radiotherapy to target and destroy cancer cells and some difficult-to-reach tumours
  • Chemotherapy – a wide range of drug therapies that destroy specific cancer cells

New approaches include nuclear medicine and Theranostics – using radioactive substances to detect and treat cancers, often in a highly targeted way.

Alongside these treatments we also provide supportive care including wellbeing therapies and exercise medicine for all patients at many of our centres. Wellbeing therapies, including acupuncture, massage and counselling, are delivered through our partner the Penny Brohn UK charity to help support you through this challenging time. Exercise medicine is effective in improving treatment tolerance, building muscle mass and reducing cancer-related fatigue, among many other health-related benefits.

There are 200 different kinds of cancer. The major types are carcinoma, leukaemia, lymphoma, melanoma and sarcoma.

  • Carcinomas

The most commonly diagnosed cancers. They originate in organs and glands such as the skin, lungs, breasts and pancreas.

  • Leukaemia

Cancer of the blood, which does not usually form solid tumours.

  • Lymphomas

These are cancers of the lymphocytes (white blood cells).

  • Melanomas

Cancers arising in cells that make pigment in skin.

  • Sarcomas

These cancers originate in fat, blood vessels, bone, muscle, cartilage and other soft or connective tissues of the body. Sarcomas are relatively uncommon.

There are three different types of tumour: benign, premalignant and malignant.

  • Benign

These are not cancerous. They either grow or spread very slowly, or not at all. If removed they generally do not return.

  • Premalignant

The cells in these tumours are not yet cancerous but have the potential to become malignant.

  • Malignant

Cancerous tumours. The cells of malignant tumours can grow and spread to other parts of the body.

Any changes to your body’s usual processes or unexplained symptoms can sometimes be a sign of cancer and should be investigated by a doctor. In many cases, the cause won’t be cancer and may be due to other conditions.

Some common signs and symptoms are below, but this is not an exhaustive list. If you notice anything different about your body or anything that isn’t going away, it’s important to get it checked – don’t assume it’s due to natural aging or another condition you may have.

  • A lump anywhere in your body
  • Changes in bowel habits that have lasted for more than a few weeks – diarrhoea, constipation, blood in your stools, pain, bloating or not feeling like you’ve fully emptied your bowels after going to the toilet
  • Unexplained bleeding – in your urine, in your stools or from your bottom, when you cough, in vomit or between periods
  • Unexplained weight loss that can’t be explained by diet, exercise or stress
  • Moles – can be a sign of some skin cancers
  • A persistent cough for more than three weeks ­– shortness of breath and chest pain can also be a sign but are also a sign of an infection, such as pneumonia, and should be investigated by a doctor straight away

Many cancers develop with no exact cause and a most likely due to a combination of factors. There are risk factors that can increase your chance of developing a cancer.

There are lifestyle risk factors that can be avoided or adjusted to reduce your risk:

  • Drinking too much alcohol
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Poor diet
  • Lack of exercise
  • Smoking
  • Sun and UV tanning

Some things you can’t control such as aging or a family history of certain cancers can increase your risk.

Other risk factors include:

  • Workplace or environmental factors – asbestos, certain industrial chemicals or natural gases
  • Having low immunity can make you more at risk to certain cancers
  • Some viruses and bacteria are linked to a higher risk of cancer

Different cancers affect your body in different ways, depending where they are growing and how advanced they are. Cancer can cause changes in your body and stop some processes from working as well as they should.

  • Blood system – some cancers can change the number of blood cells circulating in the blood
  • Lymphatic system – cancer cells can get trapped in lymph nodes near the cancer and begin to grow there
  • Immune system – some cancers can weaken the immune system
  • Hormone system – some cancers can effect the level of hormones in the body causing symptoms
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Search for a centre near you

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Birmingham

Little Aston Hall Drive, Sutton Coldfield, B74 3BF

+44 (0)121 353 3055

Bristol

300 Park Avenue, Aztec West, Bristol, BS32 4SY

01454 456500

Cambridge

Fordham Rd, Newmarket CB8 7XN, UK

+44 (0)1223 907 600

Chelmsford

Springfield Cancer Centre, Lawn Lane, Chelmsford, CM1 7GU

+44 (0)1245 987 901

Cromwell Hospital

164-178 Cromwell Rd, Kensington, London SW5 0TU, UK

0203 848 0900

Elstree

Unit 710, Centennial Park, Centennial Avenue, Elstree, Borehamwood, WD6 3SZ

+44 (0)208 236 9040

Guildford

BMI St Martha Oncology Centre, 46 Harvey Road, Guildford, GU1 3LX

+44 (0)1483 806 000

Maidstone

17 Kings Hill Avenue, Kings Hill, West Malling, ME19 4UA

+44 (0)1732 207 000

Milton Keynes

Sunrise Parkway, Linford Wood East, Milton Keynes, MK14 6LS

+44 (0)1908 467 700

Nottingham

The Park Centre for oncology, Sherwood Lodge Drive, Burntstump Country Park, Nottingham, NG5 8RX

+44 (0)1158 077 400

Oxford

Peters Way, Sandy Lane West, Oxford, OX4 6LB

+44 (0)1865 237 700

Portsmouth

Bartons Road, Havant, PO9 5NA

+44 (0)23 9248 4992

Southampton

Spire Hospital, Chalybeate Close, Southampton, SO16 6UY

+44 (0)381 277 900

Windsor

69 Alma Road, Windsor, SL4 3HD

+44 (0)1753 418 444